In such circumstances sound design is especially important, with monitoring information providing a clear input to management decision making and, often, an emphasis on the early gains to be had from monitoring and on institutional procedures that encourage the use of monitoring data to trigger further implementation decisions.
Evaluation studies can assess the extent to which the project produced the intended impacts increases in income, better housing quality, etc. Management would have been alerted to the deteriorating situation had these indicators of the enabling environment been carefully monitored.
To assess performance, it is Monitoring evaluation term paper to select, before the implementation of the project, indicators which will permit to rate the targeted outputs and outcomes. In-service teams would be functioning, with augmented staff and equipment, providing support for planning and management, teacher in-service training, development of learning materials, and program evaluation.
District sub-project teams would be fully functional, implementing sub-project activities and reporting quarterly on progress. Incorporate views of stakeholders.
Monitor the efficiency with which the different components of the project are being implemented Monitoring evaluation term paper suggest improvements.
An example from Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Development Programs, A Handbook for Program Managers and Researchers describes an evaluation of a cooperative program in El Salvador that determined that the cooperatives improved the lives of the few families involved but did not have a major impact on overall employment.
A good accounting system is needed to keep track of expenditures and provide cost data for performance analysis of outputs. The potential beneficiaries were not participating due to the inadequacy of the loan size for their needs.
Problems such as these can invalidate any comparison intended to show changing performance. If the special studies are to make comparisons with data from other surveys it is vital that the same methods be used for data collection see below.
Some writers also refer to a further class of outcome indicators, more specific to project activities than impact indicators, which may be sectoral statistics, and deal more with the direct effect of project outputs on beneficiaries.
Collecting Data and Managing Project Records The achievement of project objectives normally depends on how project beneficiaries respond to the goods or services delivered by the project.
Milestone — A distinct step towards achieving a target, output, outcome or impact. Milestones are usually Monitoring evaluation term paper in advance and can outline what should be achieved at various stages of a project.
Project objectives Projects are designed to further long-term sectoral goals, but their immediate objectives, at least, should be readily measurable. Market research information is an example of a leading indicator of beneficiary perceptions that can act as a proxy for later, substantive impact.
Input indicators are used mainly by managers closest to the tasks of implementation, and are consulted frequently, as often as daily or weekly. The complexity of the statistics and problems of attributing causality mean that often it is more appropriate to use the delivery of services and beneficiary response as proxy indicators than to attempt to measure impact.
Exogenous indicators are those that cover factors outside the control of the project but which might affect its outcome, including risks parameters identified during economic, social, or technical analysis, that might compromise project benefits ; and the performance of the sector in which the project operates.
This type of evaluation is performed while a project is being implemented, with the aim of improving the project design and functioning while in action. Special studies may be more manageable by a project unit directly, or subcontracted to a university or consultants.
Provide constant feedback on the extent to which the projects are achieving their goals. Capacity building is widely acknowledged to be important but is often poorly defined. Reducing dropout and improving learning achievement: Annual plans are to be prepared for each component, including an element of institutional development, and these will form the basis of annual monitoring.
An output indicator that does not have any baseline as the purpose of the output is to introduce something that does not exist yet. This is by no means an exhaustive list of monitoring and evaluation key terms, but hopefully enough to get you started. The monitoring is a short term assessment and does not take into consideration the outcomes and impact unlike the evaluation process which also assesses the outcomes and sometime longer term impact.
Indicators Input indicators are quantified and time-bound statements of resources to be provided. The quality of record keeping in the field sets the standard for all further use of the data and merits careful attention. Objectives should be specific to the project interventions, realistic in the timeframe for their implementation, and measurable for evaluation.
To measure output and impact may require the collection of data from sample surveys or special studies including, where appropriate, participatory methods. Other leading indicators can be identified to give early warning about key assumptions that affect impact.The monitoring and evaluation plan is developed with an aim to: Collect evidence of activities and results Assess the quantity and quality of achievements of targets.
This paper first attempts to present some clarity in understanding the different uses of the term ‘programme’, and then uses the different types of programme to demonstrate the issues that are thrown up for monitoring and evaluation (M&E). Framework for Project Monitoring and Evaluation.
Figure is a framework for project monitoring and evaluation from the World Bank technical paper: Monitoring and Evaluating Urban Development Programs, A Handbook for Program Managers and Researchers.
Monitoring and Evaluation software – moving from paper to digital with Granity 4 common challenges using mobile data collection in international development and how to.
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What is monitoring and evaluation (M&E)? This section provides a brief introduction to what M&E is, together with a selection of recommended reading and further links to help you get started.
Monitoring is the systematic and routine collection of information from projects and programmes for.Download