A large number of deputies to the National Constituent Assembly had been identified as enemies of the Government of Public Safety. Not only is he standing above everyone, but his actual hand is the only thing at that viewing level. Without their efforts and dedication the corrupt French Monarchy could never have been overthrown.
His painting spread ideas of change and revolution. Administering the oath of solidarity is Jean-Sylvain Baillyan successful academic astronomer before the Revolution. Just above Mirabeau is Antoine-Pierre-Joseph Marie Barnavea lawyer and native of Grenoble who rose to early promience in the Revolution for his great oratorical skills.
Welcome to my tenth grade humanities blog about persistence and dedication! Wind blows into the Tennis Court, signifying Above are large windows with smiling figures of the public. An analysis of the tennis court oath the center of the image, three figures embrace: The Third Estate vowed to stay together until they were able to comprise a constitution.
This is metaphorically represented in the top left corner. Allegorical figures populate the corners: They were excluded from their regular meeting place by King Louis XVI and met instead at a nearby indoor tennis court.
Background[ edit ] Before the Revolution, French society—aside from royalty—was divided into three estates. All citizens are born free with equal rights All have a right to participate in electing representatives to make laws All are entitled to free speech provided the privilege is not abused Taxation will be related to wealth The monarchy was short lived.
The Tennis Court Oath shows that even if a corrupt and powerful authority tries to diminish your efforts, that persistence and dedication to your cause pays off.
The excitement they show in the picture goes to show the coming of a revolution. Five plates representing scenes of the French Revolution Date: History[ edit ] The first engravings showing The Tennis Court Oath only appeared inthe year David convinced the Jacobin Club to launch a national subscription to fund a painting to depict the event.
At the time this picture was made, Barnave was at the height of his powers: Robespierre was elected to the Committee for Public Safety in July and from that position presided over the revolutionary reorganization of France until 28 Julywhen he and his colleagues were executed.
After being locked out of the palace, members of the Third Estate decided that their allegiance was not to the king, but to the people. The winds of change? The First Estate comprised the clergy; the Second Estate was the nobility. The three estates met from time to time in the Estates Generala legislative assembly.
Soon after the events depicted in this image, Bailly was acclaimed mayor of Paris 12 Julyonly two days before the Storming of the Bastille.
This sketch is a perfect example of persistence and dedication to a cause or effort. By the time David made his picture, however, Dom Gerle had already become an enemy of the Revolution, alienated above all by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, passed in Junewhich transformed French clergy into civil servants and required them to swear an oath of allegiance to the national Constitution.
Significance[ edit ] This oath would come to have big significance in the revolution as the Third Estate would constantly continue to protest to have more representation. The constitution was completed in However, byhe was too busy as a deputy himself to complete his sketch for the painting and French political life was no longer conducive to the work - Mirabeauone of the heroes ofhad been declared an enemy of the Revolution on the discovery of his secret correspondence with Louis XVI and was now considered as a traitor by public opinion.
The National Assembly, also known as the Third Estate, was an ancient but little used gathering of nobles, clergy and common people.
The cluster represents the unity of the confessions, Protestant and Catholic, with patriots in the project of national regeneration.
It was foreshadowed by, and drew considerably from, the United States Declaration of Independenceespecially the preamble.
During the French Revolution, collective oaths like the tennis court oath were considered as a factor in national unity and national unanimity. This goes to show these men firmly believe in standing for their people and that what they want most is reform. His high raised hand signifies the great importance of the oath the he is taking.
On 11 NovemberBailly himself was executed as a counter-revolutionary. David gives special prominence to Maximilien Robespierrean early advocate of total transparency in politics and future leader of the Revolution during its most radical phase, even though in the delegate from the province of Artois in northern France was still little known.
By the spring and summer of There were deep divisions between those who wanted to keep a limited monarchy and those who wanted to be rid of the King. The members of the Third Estate featured in the picture went on to form the National Assembly and were the heart and soul of the French Revolution.
He was convicted of conspiring with foreign countries to invade France, and beheaded on the guillotine. The people look up to him and raise their arms proudly and strongly as they follow him in taking the oath.The Tennis Court Oath was a key event of the French Revolution, an event in which the commoners (or Third Estate), having been locked out of a meeting of the Estates General, gathered in a nearby tennis court and vowed there to stand together until the Constitution could be reformed.
The Tennis Court Oath by Jacques Louis David. Sketch for a painting commemorating the Tennis Court Oath by David. Consciously modeled after the Oath of the Horatii. These techniques combined--and seen in The Tennis Court Oath--give it a vitality that transcends its time.
Lesson Summary A legislative group of common people was created for the first time in France in June and met in a tennis court in Versailles. In Versailles, France, the deputies of the Third Estate, which represent commoners and the lower clergy, meet on the Jeu de Paume, an indoor tennis court, in defiance of King Louis XVI’s order.
While an odd place for an Oath that would lead to the French Revolution, the Tennis Courts of Versailles provided an interesting backdrop to the last days of pre-Revolutionary France.
The Tennis Court Oath (French: Le Serment du Jeu de paume) is an incomplete painting by Jacques-Louis David, painted between and and showing the titular Tennis Court Oath at Versailles, one of the foundational events of the French Revolution.Download