The memory allows Willy to deny the truth and its consequences — facing Linda and the boys after being fired — and to establish temporary order in his disrupted life. Throughout his life, he has constructed elaborate fantasies to deny the mounting evidence of his failure to fulfill his desires and expectations.
Accordingly, the audience experiences a catharsis—the cleansing or purgation associated with classical tragedy. Happy, meanwhile, lacks the courage of honesty and remains caught in the rat race, still under the impression that wealth and status are the keys to fulfillment.
He is just a mediocre salesman who has only made monumental sales in his imagination.
By the end of the play, Willy is overwhelmed; he can no longer deny his failures when they become too many to deal with. He announces that he will no longer argue with Biff about his job. Indeed, much of the lasting popularity of Death of a Salesman both in the world of the theater and in the canon of English literature, lies in its treatment of multiple themes.
During the majority of the play, Willy freely criticizes Linda and her opinion, unless they are alone together. Too didactic or moralistic for some modern readers, who see the author as heavy-handed, the play nevertheless raises many pertinent questions regarding American culture.
Although Willy states exactly what happened, Linda provides him with opportunities to deny that anything is wrong with him. Yet, when Biff confronts his father in the final scene, he has an epiphany, a sudden burst of knowledge: Aristotle held that tragedy portrayed the downfall of a king or noble, whose fall from grace was the result of a tragic flaw—generally held to be hubris, or an excessive amount of pride.
Although he fondly remembers Biff as a teenager, he is unable to communicate with Biff in the present.
As a result, after four years in the jungle, Ben was a rich man at the age of 21, while Willy must struggle to convince Howard to let him work in New York for a reduced salary after working for the company for 34 years.
For example, Willy believes he should be recognized and respected at work because he established the company throughout New England and named his own boss. Now that he is growing old and less productive, the company he helped to build fires him.
The way in which this theme informs the play is also the key to its form, since Willy constantly relives the past through a series of flashbacks.
Willy criticizes Biff because he feels his son is wasting his life working on a farm in Texas, but Linda defends Biff because he is still "finding himself. He comes out of his reverie and assures Linda that he is fine.
For Willy, the success of that dream hinges on appearance rather than on substance, on wearing a white collar rather than a blue one.
Everything revolves around his actions during the last 24 hours of his life. His wife, Linda, gets out of bed to greet him. Nevertheless, the end is not entirely bleak: For example, Willy recalls Ben and the job he offered to Willy after being fired by Howard. While Willy himself was never successful as a salesman, he remains confident that his son Biff will be able to make it big in business because of his good looks and his past glory as a high school football star.
He remembers that Oliver thought highly of him and offered to help him anytime. In other words, because he recollects such wonderful memories of order and success, these qualities should still exist for him in the present.
They speculate that he had another accident. In this way, Willy creates order from disorder because he manipulates facts to produce a better alternative. When someone disagrees with Willy, he is insulted and becomes angry. Although Happy, thirty-two, is younger than Biff, he is more confident and more successful.
The problem arises, however, because Willy reacts to characters in the present, while simultaneously responding to different characters and different situations in the past. Willy realizes something is wrong with him, and he is exhausted both physically and mentally. Willy reasons he can finally be a success because his life insurance policy will in some way compensate Linda for his affair.
Scene 1 establishes the nature of the relationship between Willy and Linda. He is tired of "always being contradicted.Arthur Miller has emerged as one of the most successful and but it wasn’t until Death of a Salesman was performed in that Miller established himself as a major Death of a Salesman has to this day remained a classic.
The play’s intellectual appeal lies in Miller’s refusal to portray his characters as two-dimensional — his. How does Arthur Miller use tone and diction to convey the theme of the "American dream?"I don't understand how he uses tone in his writing.
print Print; Death of a Salesman Analysis. The tone is apparent primarily through the play’s stage directions. The directions are sensitive to the very real pain suffered by the characters. However, in its frankness, the tone is also mocking of Willy’s blind acceptance of a very hollow, materialistic version of the American Dream.
Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman as Classic Greek Tragedy Miller’s Death of a Salesman is an interesting and complex play set at a time of great change in America. Some people believe that it is one of a few classic tragedies written in modern time. Death of a Salesman raises many issues, not only of artistic form but also of thematic content.
Dramatically speaking, the play represents Arthur Miller’s desire to modernize the tragedy of Aristotle described in the Poetics. Death of a Salesman is Willy's play. Everything revolves around his actions during the last 24 hours of his life.
All of the characters act in response to Willy.Download