A look into a medical ethics case

This is a key one that trips many people up A 14 year old patient goes to the GP and asks for the oral contraceptive pill. It is also important to consider the sanctity of life and some, based on this principle, may disagree with abortion. But non-consented organ donation would harm the family.

What should you do, and what ethical considerations should inform your decision? It could be argued by increasing the rate of organ transplants, we could reduce the NHS deficit — or redistribute saved treatment costs to support other treatments, services or health research.

This barrier could be overcome; a strike may be designed so that emergency care would still be covered, and only elective treatments would be delayed. Between December and Nov. Do you think the NHS should fund treatment for smokers?

This is also in line with the ethical principle of autonomy, which means that patients have the right to make decisions for themselves. It is also worth reading the NHS constitution principles.

You are not a doctor, nor are you a Faculty member. However, this does not take into consideration the complex psychosocial factors that lead to smoking.

You therefore need to approach the student in a calm and supportive manner and not threaten them with negative outcomes. NICE guidelines are a useful resource when dealing with ethical questions like this. Countries may have differing guidance in place about this.

In rare situations, an abortion may also be allowed to be carried out after 24 weeks If we consider patient autonomy, there is a case to say that patients should have the right to have an abortion if they wish Considering the ethical concept of beneficence, first, it is important to have the best interests of the mother at the centre of their healthcare both psychological and physical well-being.

This goes against the ethical principle of non-maleficence and therefore, some would argue, cannot be justified. Each year around 1, patients die while waiting for a transplant.

The best way to answer this question is to give a broad, well-balanced overview of the ethical issues that arise, and then give your opinion, with justifications. An opt-out system obviously has the potential for someone who does not want to donate an organ to become an organ donor, simply because they did not opt-out.

List of medical ethics cases

Forgetting about the legalities of doctor-patient confidentiality. Whilst it is important to mention them in order to show your awareness of current affairs, you do not have to be limited by this. On one side of the argument, it can be said that the NHS should provide care for everyone indiscriminately, as supported by the ethical principle of justice.

The question, therefore, is: The parents were overruled, but they can have no real complaint since Sandra is obviously able to make her own decisions. As usual, we start by using the four pillars of medical ethics as a framework Currently, under UK Legislation, those under the age of 16 are not able to give consent to sexual activity.

Ethics Questions

Not knowing the situations that patient confidentiality is applied in. It could be argued that since the organ donor is already deceased, no maleficence can be enacted upon the donor.

However, patient autonomy is not absolute, particularly if a patient is not competent Beneficence and non-maleficence often link together and this is no exception. On the flip side, an opt-in system treats the human body as property of the State and it could be argued goes against the idea of individual sovereignty.

In general, patient confidentiality must be respected which means the parents must not be informed.

Ethics Case Studies

You have to be aware of the legal ramifications You are a medical student at this School. This patient is below the age of consent which is 16 in the UK but you must also consider doctor-patient confidentiality.

These are expensive treatments. Acknowledge what your authority is and therefore how you should approach the situation. Start by acknowledging that this is a complex issue with two sides and lots of shades of grey. There is no ready, simple answer to this very difficult dilemma.

Do the benefits outweigh the risks? You need to be clear about all of the four pillars of ethics. There are many different types of euthanasia, such as active euthanasia, passive euthanasia, voluntary euthanasia and involuntary euthanasia Establish the fact that this is a complicated issue with lots of shades of grey and no straightforward answer While weighing up both sides, think of the four pillars of medical ethics: Opt-out systems mean more organ donors, which means more organs to save more patient lives.

Starting with a strong view point one way or the other. Have an understanding of what patient confidentiality means and what kind of information it covers.

Make sure keep up to date with any changes Euthanasia allows the patient to exercise their right to decide their own fate and end suffering benevolence. In DecemberNHS Wales moved from an opt-in system where consent for organ donation must be given or asked for to an opt-out system where consent must be actively removed.Jan 08,  · Pregnant, and Forced to Stay on Life Support.

What business did they have delving into these areas? Why are they practicing medicine up in Austin?” director of medical ethics at NYU. New legislative inspector to look into 10 ethics cases will further investigate 10 of 27 ethics complaints that had piled up sincebut can’t investigate two of them because they.

The Journal of Medical Ethics accepts submissions of a wide range of article types, including original research, reviews and feature articles. The Author Information section provides specific article requirements to help you turn your research into an article suitable for JME. Case Study Medical Assistant Free EssaysFree Essays on Case Study Medical Assistant for students.

Use our papers to help you with yours Case StudiesIn all the chapters the Case Studies represent situations similar to those that the medical assistant may encounter in daily practice. PRIME® Clinical Case Study: A Case Of Medical Ethics.

Editor’s note: This column presents a problematic case that poses a medical-ethical dilemma for patients, families, and healthcare professionals. As it is based on a real case, some details have been omitted in the effort to maintain patient confidentiality.

Case Sparks Debate About Teen Decision Making in Health she just wanted the chance to look into alternative options and felt she was not given time. professor of pediatrics and medical.

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A look into a medical ethics case
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